All About Basic And Advanced Sutures

To perform surgical sutures in minor surgery, it is essential to know the correct handling of surgical instruments, since the acquisition of wrong habits with the instruments may imply a poor suture procedure or a longer time to perform it.


Likewise, knowledge and mastery of the surgical technique are also essential for the correct performance of sutures in minor surgery.


But also, it is an important premise to guarantee the quality of the sutures, the adequate pre-surgical diagnosis and the topography of the area to be intervened since this depends on the choice of the most appropriate surgical suture technique, materials, and FAQs.



At Universal Sutures, We manufacture different types of Absorbable and Nonabsorbable sutures, threads, Mesh, and Bone Wax. The use of certain suture material or a type of needle can determine differences in the surgical result.

“Your choice must be justified on scientific criteria, and nuanced by good practice “

Advantages and disadvantages of each suture technique

Thread sutures provide a secure closure and ensure the highest wound support force and the lowest dehiscence rate compared to other types of closure.

The most important disadvantages are that they require the use of anesthesia, the intervention time is longer, they traumatize the tissue, add foreign bodies to the wound and increase the risk of transmission of diseases by accidental inoculation.

The alternative to conventional sutures is mechanical sutures and adhesive tapes, which provide less reactivity and less incidence of infections than thread sutures.

Tissue glues or adhesives emerge in this context as an alternative to the usual suturing procedures. Although currently, most health centers have only the most classic suture materials, such as silk suture, as the demand for minor surgery in primary care increases.

Surgical Sutures

Suture needles

The needles are designed to bring the suture through the tissues with minimal damage. Their selection is determined by the type of tissue to be sutured, the accessibility of the area to be intervened and the thickness of the thread used.

Types of needles according to the shape

  • Straight. They are operated with the fingers, not with the needle holder; allow less precision. They are used for cutaneous closures of long incisions. Little indicated in minor surgery.
  • Curves. They are operated with the needle holder. The needle is taken in an area between the middle and posterior third of the needle, allowing greater precision and accessibility. They can have different arcs of the circumference. The 3/8 circle or 1/2 circle are the most useful in minor surgery.
  • Conical. Its section is round, gradually tapering to the tip. For soft tissues (aponeurosis or parenchyma), they are not useful for skin sutures.
  • Spatulate. They are relatively flat, both at the tip and the base, and the cutting edges are angled at the sides. They are used in ophthalmology, visceral sutures, and so on.
  • Staples: The staples do not fully penetrate the skin, unlike the thread, thus reducing the chances of infection and ischemizing the sutured tissue.

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