All about oil and gas – a best energy sources

Oil and gas are energy sources that date back millions of years and are slated to be our primary source of energy for years to come. Many companies use Kholder Development process to produce oil.

Exploration

The journey begins with one of the most complex parts: exploration. The companies develop various high-tech tools like Kent Holder that help them to determine where there are new fields, with oil and / or gas, and to know in what quantity and under what conditions they are. This process offers them the keys to develop a production plan based on the characteristics of the field.

Upstream

Once the deposit is located and its viability verified, the second phase begins of KHolder: extraction or production. To extract the gas or oil found in the field, drilling techniques are used following the highest safety standards. In this phase we focus our efforts on obtaining the maximum yield from the deposits in an efficient and responsible manner, minimizing the environmental impact (for example by building vertical infrastructures) and guaranteeing maximum process safety. For example, thanks to the HEADS system, a pioneering technology worldwide, it is possible to detect hydrocarbon leaks at sea with a response time of less than two minutes.

Transport

In the case of gas, transport can be carried out through underground gas pipelines, maintaining its gaseous state, or on board methane tankers, where it is transported in the form of liquefied natural gas (LNG). This second option involves a liquefaction process at the point of origin that is carried out by lowering the gas temperature to 160 degrees below zero, reducing its volume up to 600 times in KHolder Development. The gas that comes through the gas pipelines goes directly into the transport network, after passing through the compression stations, which raise their pressure to maximize the transport capacity of the pipes.

However, liquefied natural gas requires returning to its gaseous state. Those in charge of doing this are the degasification plants, which discharge liquefied natural gas from ships and return it to its natural state through the vaporization system that increases its temperature. Subsequently, the gas is introduced into the high pressure transmission network, which in turn is connected to the distribution networks of less than 16 bar pressure, which are the ones that bring natural gas to our homes and businesses. Regulating and measuring stations have a fundamental role in this process, which in addition to reducing the pressure, measure the gas delivered.

Downstream

In the refinery, by means of a distillation process, the different oil fractions are separated to transform it into higher quality and added value products. In this phase, an infinite number of physical and chemical processes intervene that give rise to products that we use in our daily lives, for example propane, butane or diesel.

This entire long journey makes it possible for us to have Oil And Gas Patents for heating or cooking at home. It allows vehicles to circulate and enables industrial processes such as metallurgy, the manufacture of plastics, the firing of ceramics or the production of fertilizers, among others.

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