All you need to know about NIV Ventilation

NIV Ventilation is an effective therapy for patients who are experiencing respiratory issues. In this type of treatment, oxygen is conveyed through a facial mask which wipes out the requirement for endotracheal intubation. These characteristics make this treatment comfortable and convenient for patients. Studies propose that after early intubation, the treatment even lessens the number of days you need to undergo invasive ventilation treatment. For those, who need to find out more about non-invasive ventilation, we have gathered some critical data. Have a glance!

How does NIV function?

NIV is an effective treatment for patients dealing with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or other respiratory problems. In COPD, the air pressure inside the lungs is lower than what is outside. As a result, the air is forced in using machines. It reduces respiratory exertion and lessens the burden on your respiratory system. The ventilation keeps the lungs and chest inflated by expanding the amount of air that stays in the lungs after expiration. This air is utilized for the gaseous exchange.

What are the benefits of using NIV?

NIV treatment is ideal for many patients as it is easy to use and less costly. Other advantages of using this type of treatment are that it reduces the chances of infection and does not involve the use of sedatives.

What are the various kinds of NIV?

There are two kinds of NIVs ventilation-



  • Non-invasive positive pressure


Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation or NIPPV alludes to the treatment where oxygen is conveyed at steady strain through a facial mask that is put around your nose. Machines that use this mechanism include continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines and bi-level positive airway pressure (BiPAP) devices.

  • Negative pressure ventilation-

NPV or negative tension ventilation offers respiratory support through a gadget that contains the thoracic cage. This treatment isn’t used much these days, but it was a popular choice in the early 20th century. NIV works by diminishing the tension encompassing the chest.

What complications can arise out of using NIV?

Relying on NIV treatment can lead to some complications. These include-

  • Extreme lethargy
  • Facial Fractures
  • Respiratory Failure
  • Cardiovascular issues
  • Heart failure
  • Tuberculosis

Thus, non-invasive treatment assists patients with COPD in breathing without any problem. While negative tension ventilation isn’t utilized these days, harmless positive strain is a suggested treatment choice.

Comments are closed