Bone cancer: What it is and what treatments are available?

Bone cancer is one of the rarest type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the bones. The most common type of bone cancer is osteosarcoma, which usually develops in the long bones of the arms and legs. Although bone cancer can occur at any age, it is most commonly diagnosed in children and young adults. Several treatment options for bone cancer are available, including surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.

What causes bone cancer? 

There are many different causes of bone cancer, but the most common is a mutation in the cells that make up the bone. This can be caused by various factors, including exposure to radiation or certain chemicals, or hereditary. There are also certain medical conditions that can increase your risk of developing bone cancer, such as Paget’s disease.

What are the symptoms of bone cancer? 

The most common symptom of bone cancer is pain. The pain usually begins gradually and gets worse over time. Other symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Anaemia
  • Bone fractures

How is bone cancer diagnosed? 

There are a few ways that Oncologists can diagnose bone cancer. A biopsy is the most common way. In a biopsy, the doctor removes a small piece of bone to look at under a microscope. Other tests, such as an x-ray, MRI, or PET scan, may also be used to diagnose bone cancer.

What are the treatments for bone cancer? 

There are a few different treatment options available for bone cancer, depending on the stage and severity of cancer. Bone Cancer treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.

  • Surgery is often the first line of treatment for bone cancer and may be combined with radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
  • Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams to kill cancer cells,
  • While chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells.

How can I prevent bone cancer? 

There is no sure way to prevent bone cancer, as the exact causes are unknown. However, there are some measures you can take to lower your risk. These include:

  • Avoiding known carcinogens: Limit or avoid exposure to known cancer-causing agents, such as radiation and certain chemicals.
  • Eating a healthy diet: Eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Avoid processed meats and excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Exercising regularly: Exercise helps to maintain bone health and overall fitness.
  • Taking precautions if you have a family history of bone cancer: If you have a family member who has had bone cancer, be sure to talk to your doctor about steps you can take to lower your risk.


If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with bone cancer, it’s essential to know that treatment options are available. While the prognosis for bone cancer can be daunting, many people are able to lead long and healthy lives after diagnosis. If you want more information on bone cancer treatment, please contact your doctor or visit the HCG website.

HCG has cancer centers across India along with top oncologist and medical professionals who are experts in field of cancer and recovering cancer patients.

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