Brain Cancer and Brain Tumors – Symptoms, Types, Causes

Brain tumor refers to the abnormal growths of cells in the brain. Not all brain tumors are cancerous and only malignant tumors are the ones which are categorized as cancerous. Malignant tumors can spread very fast replacing the healthy cells. They can also spread to the other parts of the body.
Tumors that do not overpower healthy cells or spread to distant areas are called benign. A benign tumor is generally less serious than a malignant tumor. But can still cause many problems for the victim.
The primary type of brain cancer occurs when one type of cell transforms from its normal characteristics. It then goes on to grow and multiply in abnormal ways. As they grow, they become a mass or tumor.
Causes of Brain Cancer
The exact cause of brain cancer is yet not known. Genetic factors, environmental toxins, radiation to the head, smoking etc have been found to have some sort of a connection with brain cancer. But no study has been able to establish any direct link between these factors and brain cancer.
Symptoms of Brain Cancer
All brain tumors do not show any symptoms, and some can be detected only through a CT scan or MRI.  Brain cancer may show numerous symptoms, many of which may be caused by other illnesses. Brain cancer can have a wide variety of symptoms including seizures, sleepiness, confusion, and behavioral changes.
The following are the most common symptoms of brain cancer:
Altered mental status
Abnormalities in vision
Difficulty with speech
Difficulty in walking
Brain Cancer Treatment
Treatment for a brain tumor depends on several factors such as the patient’s age, general health, and the size, location, and type of tumor.
Treatment of brain cancer is a complex and time taking procedure and involves several consulting doctors such as neurosurgeons, oncologists and radiation oncologists, dietitian, physical therapist, and other specialists such as a neurologist.
The most widely used treatments are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. In most cases, more than one of these is used.
People with brain cancer run a higher risk for additional medical problems. In addition, they also face the risk of recurrence of cancer or worsening of their symptoms. So once a patient is diagnosed with brain cancer he must follow the treatment and his doctor’s advice very carefully.
Brain Cancer Survival Rate
The major factors that influence the survival of a patient are:
Type, location and size of cancer,
If the tumor can be surgically removed or reduced in size
Age and medical condition of the patient- younger patients have a better chance of survival.
Brain cancer treatment is available in India and people have survived and shown good results after undergoing the treatment. To find out the best treatment for cancer in India, you must do a good amount of research before selecting your team of doctors and rely only on reputed and trustworthy medical facilities.

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