Everything about Indira Gandhi Life Achievements

Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984) was the third Prime Minister of India and a focal figure of the Indian National Congress party. Indira Gandhi was the lone offspring of India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. She filled in as Prime Minister from 1966 to 1977 and subsequently again from 1980 until her passing in 1984, making her the second-longest-serving Prime Minister of India later her father.

Here we will discuss more about Indira Gandhi Life Achievements: 

Early life

Gandhi was brought into the world on 19 November 1917 in Allahabad. Her dad, Jawaharlal Nehru, drove India’s political battle for freedom from British rule and turned into India’s first Prime Minister of the Union (and later Republic). She was a lone youngster (a more youthful sibling was conceived yet kicked the bucket youthful) and grew up with her mom, Kamala Nehru, at the Anand Bhavan, a huge family home in Allahabad. She had a desolate and miserable youth.

Her dad was regularly away, coordinating political exercises or detained, while her mom was habitually incapacitated with disease and later experienced an early passing tuberculosis. She had limited contact with her father, mainly through letters.

Married to Firoz Gandhi 

Gandhi’s life changed in 1925 when she met Feroze Gandhi. Her father arranged their meeting as he thought that the young (12 years old) Indira would benefit from the companionship of an Indian boy her age. The two got married in 1942, in a Hindu ceremony following which she moved into his house (her father did not attend the wedding; it is speculated that he was disappointed when Feroze Gandhi changed his surname to “Gandhi” as a sign of embracing Hinduism, to comply with the requirements for being a member in good standing of the Nehru-Gandhi family). They had two sons – Rajiv (b. 1944) and Sanjay (b. 1946).

During the 1950s, Indira Gandhi served her dad informally as an individual partner during his residency as the principal Prime Minister of India. Later her Father passed on in 1964, she was named as an individual from the Rajya Sabha (upper house). She turned into an individual from Lal Bahadur Shastri’s bureau as Minister of Information and Broadcasting. 

In 1966, after Shastri’s death, the Congress party under Lal Bahadur Shastri’s daughter supported Gandhi as the leader of the party and head of government. Although India won the war brilliantly, Indira was widely criticized for relying on Russian military aid to support Indian action against Pakistan.

Political career

On February 20, 1966, Lal Bahadur Shastri died suddenly, and Gandhi was appointed Prime Minister by the Congress Party, which had been in power since independence under her father’s leadership.

One of the Indira’s Achievements is Gandhi became prime minister amid growing demand for Indian military action to defeat and end Pakistan in the 1965 war over Kashmir; she knew that no matter what political party ruled India, it would be indecisive and weak and that India would be unable to win a war against Pakistan without the support of the Soviet Union. 

As a result, there were three major national crises in Gandhi’s first term: 

A catastrophic war with Pakistan in 1965, which led India to a sense of deep crisis and disappointment; the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, which ended in a landmark settlement involving the formation of independent Bangladesh, and a major railway strike in 1974 that brought the country to a virtual standstill.

Gandhi’s term as prime minister also saw increasing turmoil in her family, long involved in politics. Moreover, after Indira Gandhi was re-elected as Prime Minister on a ticket of social progress and national economic development, she had to deal with the tragic consequences of her landslide victory. She was now faced with a grim economic situation where food, fuel, and unemployment created great hardship for ordinary Indians.

Economy Crisis 

India’s economy had badly stumbled during Rajiv Gandhi’s reign as prime minister in 1984–1989, but it grew substantially when he took office because India benefited from the earlier reforms. The government’s economic policies successfully controlled inflation, produced growth, and brought down unemployment levels, which had reached 20% during the previous government. 

According to figures released by the Indian Ministry of Statistics, annual GDP growth rates averaged 6.6%, compared to 4.4% during 1981-85; similarly, Per Capita GDP grew 3.7% annually during 1985-89, compared to 1.1% during 1981-85.

Gandhi sought to improve relations with the West, especially the United States, which was seen as an antagonist of India after its support for Pakistan in the 1971 war and refusal to aid India militarily against the USSR in 1979–80. However, ties with the Soviet Union remained strong and later even strengthened during the rule of her son Rajiv Gandhi.

Gandhi’s tenure as prime minister brought several controversies like the alleged presence of defense forces at Jayaprakash Narayan’s funeral in 1979, support to Sikh militants in Punjab, Operation Blue Star (to flush out armed militants from the Golden Temple), and Bhopal disaster (guilty verdict for Union Carbide’s top executives).

Death

The emergency rule, which was imposed in India in 1975 by Gandhi, lasted until 1977. However, after her defeat in the 1977 elections, Indira Gandhi started to make overtures to regain power. And finally, the Janata Party rule ended in 1980. In January 1981, a plenary session of the Congress party voted to make Indira Gandhi chairman of the Congress Parliamentary Party.

Gandhi won a massive landslide in her election from Rae Bareli in 1980 general elections held after being declared guilty for electoral malpractices by Allahabad High Court and banned from contesting elections for six years.

On 31 October 1984, Indira Gandhi’s Sikh bodyguards Satwant Singh and Beant Singh killed her with their service weapons in the garden of her residence at 1, Safdarjung Road, New Delhi.

Read More:- Everything about Indira Gandhi: Her political career

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