Kidney Cancer: Myths and Facts

The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs that filter blood and remove waste from the body. Kidney cancer is one of the more common types of cancer, and the incidence of kidney cancer has been increasing over the past few years.  

 

What is kidney cancer? 

Kidney cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the cells of the kidney. The two most common types of kidney cancer are renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). Kidney cancer can spread to other body parts but is not common. 

Kidney cancer is more common in men than in women. The average age at diagnosis is 64 years old.  

 

The different types of kidney cancer 

There are four main types of kidney cancer, which are named based on the type of cell in which they originate: 

 - Renal cell carcinoma: This is the most common type of kidney cancer, and it originates in the cells lining the small tubes in the kidney. 

 - Transitional cell carcinoma: This type of kidney cancer begins in the transitional cells, which line the renal pelvis (the portion of the kidney that drains urine into the ureter). 

 - Wilms tumour: This childhood cancer arises from the kidney’s embryonic tissue. It is relatively rare, accounting for only about 5% of all kidney cancers. 

 - Renal sarcoma: This is a rare type of kidney cancer that arises from the kidney’s connective tissue or blood vessels. 

 

Causes and risk factors for kidney cancer 

Kidney cancer is one of the most common cancers. It is also one of the most preventable. The best way to reduce the risk of kidney cancer is to maintain a healthy lifestyle and avoid risk factors. 

 

The exact cause of renal cell carcinoma is unknown, but several risk factors may increase the chance of developing the disease. These include: 

  • Smoking: Smoking is the leading cause of kidney cancer. People who smoke are two to three times more likely to develop kidney cancer than nonsmokers. 
  • Obesity: Obesity is a major risk factor for kidney cancer. People who are obese have a 50% increased risk of developing renal cell carcinoma. 
  • Hypertension: High blood pressure is a risk factor for kidney cancer. People with hypertension are twice as likely to develop renal cell carcinoma as people with normal blood pressure. 
  • Family history: People with a family history of kidney cancer are at an increased risk for the disease. If a first-degree relative (parent, sibling, or child) has kidney cancer, the risk increases by two to three times. 
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Symptoms of kidney cancer 

Several different symptoms may be associated with kidney cancer. These can include: 

 -Blood in the urine 

 -A mass or lump in the abdomen 

 -Pain in the side or back 

 -Weight loss 

 -Fatigue 

 -Fever 

  If any of these symptoms are experienced, it is important to see a doctor for further testing. 

 

Treatment options for kidney cancer 

Various kidney cancer treatment options are available, depending on the disease’s stage and the tumour’s specific characteristics.  

  • Surgery is the most common kidney cancer treatment and is often used to remove the affected kidney.  
  • Radiation therapy uses high-energy waves to kill cancer cells and shrink tumours. 
  • Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells.  
  • Biological therapy boosts the body’s immune system to fight cancer cells.  
  • Targeted therapy uses drugs or other substances to target specific molecules involved in the growth and spread of cancer cells. 

The best treatment option for an individual patient depends on many factors, including the type and stage of kidney cancer and the patient’s overall health and preferences. Treatment decisions should be made by a team of specialists at the cancer hospital in Calicut who are experienced in treating kidney cancer. 

One of the best cancer hospital in Calicutis the American Oncology Institute which stands at the forefront of treatment excellence offering precision cancer care for all types of cancers for all age groups and genders. They have an outstanding team of oncologists that provide a wide range of treatments and medical procedures that meets international standards in terms of quality and precision. 

 

Conclusion 

Kidney cancer is a serious disease, but it is also one that can be effectively treated if caught early. If there are any concerns about the risk for kidney cancer or if any symptoms are experienced that could indicate the presence of the disease, it is essential to see a doctor immediately. With the proper treatment, kidney cancer patients live long and healthy lives.

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