Periodontitis: What Are The Different Stages?

Periodontitis is a severe gum infection that causes damage to the soft tissues and if left untreated can damage the bone that holds your teeth leading to tooth loss. Gum disease is common but you can prevent it by maintaining proper hygiene and regular dental checkups. The chances of the treatment increase when you strictly follow the daily dental regime. Also, it reduces the chances of getting this disease. Get the treatment from emergency dentistry if the infection is severe.

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The early symptoms include inflammation or infection of gums whereby gums appear swollen, tender, red, and purplish in color. Swollen gums that appear shiny are the first symptom of Periodontitis treatment. Infected gums ooze blood easily, even when you are brushing gently. They are soft to touch but do not create any pain at all. Teeth seem to become loose and a bad odor fills the mouth at frequent intervals. These indications show that the person is having severe gum disease.




Usually, periodontitis begins with plaque formation.  Plaque is a sticky substance formed due to the growth of bacteria. If you don’t treat it in time, the plague eventually advances to periodontitis.


Plaque hardens under your gum line leading to tartar if it stays for a longer time on your teeth. Proper Brushing and flossing can help extract plaque. But it can reform quickly. The longer it stays on your teeth, the more damage like; Tooth Infection can cause.


Different Stages Of Periodontitis:


The preliminary stage of infection resembles gingivitis but the infection spreads from gums to ligaments and bone, supporting the tooth. The tooth starts loosening due to loosened ligaments. This is followed by a fall-out of the tooth, eventually. Periodontitis treatment is one of the main causes of tooth fall-out. Usually, teenagers are prone to the disease and if it stays for a longer time in their mouth, it may terribly affect the gums and the tooth. Plaque and tartar gather at the base of the teeth and end in the development of gum pockets between the teeth.


It is said that “Prevention is better than cure” and it holds true in the case of Periodontitis. The treatments are available as per the severity of the infection. The very first step involves the removal of tartar and plaque from the surface of the infection. When the infected part is removed by a periodontist, then root planning promotes root reconnection with their respective tooth. This way the pocket between the gums and tooth is greatly reduced and tooth connection is promoted.

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In advanced stages, flap surgery is recommended whereby; the specialists lift back the infected gums to remove tartar and diseased tissue from the root level. This way the diseased part of the root is removed and soft tissue grafts augment gums.


In extreme cases, dentists go for bone surgery to reshape the bone near the infected tooth to make it harder for bacteria to grow again.


In all the above cases, the infected area is cleaned for no future infection. However, it is extremely necessary that patients should take proper oral care to stay away from further infections. Otherwise, the second surgery may prove to be lethal as well.

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