The Major Components and Functional Areas of Network Management

Computer networks these days have surrounded us as technology indefinitely acts as an enabler for many establishments and organizations around the globe. While corporations become increasingly dependent on computer and digital technology it has also given the rise to the concern regarding security measures and the need for a network security solutions company.

However, if you are new to this field of knowledge, there is no need to fret. Network management can be summarised as the sum of total application tools and the processes used to administer, maintain, operate, provide, and secure network infrastructure. Here is a quick rundown of its major components and functional areas:

Accounting Management

Accounting is also akin to administration where users are granted access or authority within a network. Since IT is often viewed as a cost centre, this kind of network management typically falls under the guidance of the Chief Financial Officer. Basically in accounting management, the utilization details for the entire network are documented.

This is primarily meant for bookkeeping purposes and enables tracking departments or lines of business for usage. Regardless of size, it is recommended that all businesses and even government entities should track their network utilization as such information can prove to be crucial for cost management.

Moreover, through accounting management trends can be recognized which can indicate inefficiencies that might be caused due to a configuration issue or some other error.  When considering large enterprises, documentation of units and users consuming bandwidth can be vital to validate the germaneness of actual business operations reliant on the network.

Configuration Management

This is the procedure where the main focus is to maintain and monitor devices along with network configurations. Configurations are subject to change in the event of new programs being installed and updates that call for monitoring of the network at all times.

In a nutshell, this can involve more than just the typical setup of routers, servers, switches, or other fragments that make up the network hardware and equipment. Moreover, it embraces the enduring tracking of any alterations made to the configuration of the system.

Since issues relating to configurations can be a major cause behind outages, organizations must follow best practices. Furthermore, they must also have effective and efficient tools to address every aspect of configuration management which can include monitoring and recording adjustments to network hardware or software.

Fault Management

As the name implies this type of network management is concerned with the process to fix and identify any errors in the system. This can also include the source of the problem and the documentation of the entire process. It is also regarded as one of the most fundamental areas due to its ability to uphold the manoeuvres of the complete network arrangement.

Moreover, fault management incorporates an assortment of methods and technologies to detect, document, and repair errors that can obstruct network-related operations. Here SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) services can also be used to pinpoint problems as well as alert the opposite IT manager.

Performance Management

This is where the devices and the whole network’s performance are tracked, especially when devices run too slowly, which can be an indication for a much-needed update or a problem to be resolved. All of this is done to ensure and support optimal business operations which can be accomplished by collecting statistics on network service quality on a consistent and persistent basis.

Performance monitoring applications are fed information through either passive monitoring network traffic or conducting synthetic tests. Plus network monitoring tools collect performance data on a variety of metrics. This statistical analysis and collection of data can include the likes of link utilization, network response times, and packet loss rates.

Security Management

Over time this field of network management has seen immense growth and now encompasses plenty of topics. Cybersecurity standards nowadays have many tools to help your network management verify the information as well as monitor the network to maintain safety from outside threats.

Due to its vast umbrella, security management includes network auditing, authentication, and authorization. Here you will also find foundational applications such as firewall configuration management, intrusion detection systems, unified threat management, and vulnerability management.

Final Word

To sum it all up, the predominant role of network management is ensuring that network resources are made available to users effectively, efficiently, and quickly. Currently, in the market, you can also find professional services and network management software that can help network administrators to perform functions related to the provisioning of networks and maintaining the quality of service.


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