Treatment Process at Distributor Water Treatment Facility – Making Water Safe to Drink

It is a conventional surface water treatment plant that diverts water from the Arkansas River to produce potable water that meets or exceeds all Safe Drinking Water Act (EPA) and Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment Primary Drinking Water Standards. Every day, the water plant can generate up to 22 million gallons of potable water safe to drink.

During the winter, only around 3 million gallons of water per day are generated; however, during the hot summer months, when there is a greater need for lawn irrigation water, the amount of water produced may approach 10 million gallons per day on average.

There are five primary unit water treatment processes at the distributor water treatment plant’s head works that begin making the water safe to drink. The five primary unit processes are chemical coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, filtration, and disinfection.

1. Coagulation with Chemicals

Organic stuff such as rotting leaves and other plant debris may be decomposed using chlorine dioxide, an oxidant. Aluminum sulfate, a chemical coagulant, is the principal coagulant. It is also added to the water as a secondary coagulant, a lengthy chain of synthetic organic chemicals known as polymers.

An energy-producing unit known as a “quick mix” is used to distribute the chemical coagulants and initiate the coagulation process, which is done at this unit. To remove tiny particles, coagulants are used, which induce them to clump together into bigger particles that may then be skimmed, drained, or filtered.

2. Flocculation

Next, the coagulated water is transferred to the flocculation process, the next primary unit process for kontraktor water treatment. As the coagulated particles are slowly stirred together, they produce floc. The flocculation process encourages the floc particles to touch with the water’s particles (sediment). For the most part, these collisions or interactions between particles result from mechanical or hydraulic mixing. Flocculation basins with automatic mixing paddles gently stir coagulated water in two separate sets.

3. Sedimentation

Water that has been flocculated moves on to the sedimentation stage. Solids that are heavier than water are removed during the sedimentation process to limit the amount of particulate matter that filters are exposed to.

Lowering the velocity of the water under treatment to a level where it can no longer convey settleable suspended material allows gravity to remove particles maintained in suspension throughout the sedimentation process.

If the water in sedimentation basins is almost motionless, the settleable particles in the basin will sink to the bottom during the Spesialis Water Treatment. Nearly all of the particles in the water are removed via this process of sedimentation.

4. Disinfection

The Pre-Sedimentation Building serves as a conduit for the settled water, subsequently sent to the Filtration Facility. The disinfection process begins at the pre-chlorination stage before the water reaches the Filtration Facility.

Most harmful microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and parasites, may be killed or inactivated by the disinfection process in water. Microorganisms that may cause illnesses including gastroenteritis, typhoid, dysentery, cholera, and giardiasis are called pathogenic organisms.

5. Filtration

Water that has been disinfected with chlorine settles in a filtration facility, where it undergoes the last stage of water treatment: a series of filters. Particulate contaminants that were not removed during sedimentation may be removed using the filtering process, in which water is passed through material such as a bed of coal or sand. Multi-media gravity filter beds are used in the water treatment process.

There are three layers of filter sand, one of anthracite at the top, garnet sand at the bottom, and an underdrain system for collecting the cleaned water. It is via gravity that the water flows down through the filter beds. As a vast filter, the various materials catch any leftover particles.

Back washing is used to clean the filters when they get overloaded with particles. The entrapped particles are released from the filters by running the water backward through them. To reuse the backwash water, it is first delivered to the Backwash Recovery Pond, where it settles before being returned to the original raw water settling pond.

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