What Are the Different Standards of HDR?

If you check the last decade alone, television technology has not only changed but improved quite a bit. There are new innovative features being introduced along with some amazing screen technologies. To put it in perspective, first, CRT monitors got replaced by LCD, and then by slimmer LED monitors. However, with LED monitors, the scope of experimentation in the television industry improved by ten-folds.

This allowed manufacturers to better screen technologies by keeping the base technology the same. The new renditions that came out included HD, full HD, and the most acclaimed 4K TVs. However, very recently, another abbreviation has joined the race, known as HDR. HDR is considered to be the future of TV gaming TV screen technology by consumers and manufacturers alike.

Even though HDRs are becoming a more common choice in the industry recently, there are many who still have to understand what it stands for and some of their features. In the meanwhile, there are many other HDR standards introduced already by TV manufacturers.

This fast-paced evolution of the industry can easily confuse anyone. If you, too, are not sure what any of the abbreviations mean or what the real prospects of such technology are, you have come to the right place. This article further sheds light on the many HDR standards you can find today and help you figure out if it is overrated.

The Basics of HDR

HDR is essentially a feature you can find in 4K and full HD TVs. When compared to the more traditional screen technologies in the market, both full HD and 4K take the prize, given their high picture quality.

However, with HDR, you will experience even better picture quality, more sharp and crisp tonality, better colour reproduction, and much more. In short, with HDR, the picture quality on both 4K and full HD becomes much better and livelier.

The main objective of such technology is to create a more realistic image on the screen, which is closer to what the human eye sees. With a wider range of colours, more image depth, and high contrast between darker and lighter shades, it would not be wrong to say HDR lives up to its promise.

Apart from just adjusting contrast and colours, HDR also utilises the brightness levels and dimming to produce images at the highest nit levels. For those who do not know, nit levels essentially determine the brightness any screen can produce.

HDR10 and HDR 10+

These are two of the more conventional standards of HDR. While HDR10 was launched by Consumer Technology Association, HDR10+ came from Amazon Video and Samsung. Both these use the same approach as HDR and help better the image quality, but a little differently. HDR10 sends static metadata to each video stream, which is also encoded with the required information for colour calibration.

On the other hand, HDR10+ sends dynamic metadata, which further allows the TV to set the colour setting according to each frame. HDR10’s brightness peaks at 1000 nits, while HDR10+ can go up to 4000. Both standards, however, support 10-bit colours depth, which has about 1023 shades of primary colours.

Dolby’s HDR Standard

A very new take on HDR technology has been attempted by Dolby laboratories, known popularly as Dolby Vision. It has been quite a few months since the launch of this technology and by now works with most high-end OLED and 4K TVs. However, any television set that supports this technology will have a much higher 4k TV price.

Dolby Vision can send dynamic metadata directly to the TV. In addition to that, it also reproduces 12-bit colour depth. This essentially means it supports 4096 shades of primary colours. Apart from that, Dolby Vision can also reproduce as much as 10,000 nits, which is quite high considering the other HDR standards like HDR10.

When compared to the latter, Dolby Vision can produce 10 times more light. Even though it is quite a powerful cinema technology, there is yet some time left to perfect it and send it out to the mainstream market. For now, this is only available in high-end TVs and can also be used with Miracast Android TV.

Now that you know about HDR technology, you can decide which suits your purposes better.

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