What is microdermabrasion and what are its uses?

 What is microdermabrasion?

Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive way to rejuvenate the skin. In this method, the surface layer of your skin is removed using various techniques. After complete healing, the new surface layer looks more beautiful, smoother and younger.

The treatment session lasts between 30 and 40 minutes for the face and about 20 minutes for the neck. You will not have pain during the treatment session and there is no need to use anesthesia. After treatment, you may have a slight swelling or a sun-like sensation that subsides and resolves within a few days.

Better 5 to 16 sessions are needed to achieve the best rejuvenation results. These meetings are held weekly, bi-weekly or monthly. The interval between treatment sessions depends on the goals, the reason for the treatment, as well as your skin type. Rejuvenation results of this method are not permanent and need to be extended.

Microdermabrasion was first approved by the FDA in 1996. Since then, hundreds of different tools have been developed for this treatment. For this reason, there are several ways to do microdermabrasion, some of which are introduced below:

Diamond tip (Dimond-tip Handpiece)

Manual diamond tip is a tool for peeling and microdermabrasion. This device is designed to gently remove dead cells and the stratum corneum of the skin. At the same time, the cells pulled out by hand are sucked.

The depth of exfoliation in this method depends on the pressure applied to the hand and also on the amount of suction left on the skin. This microdermabrasion applicator is commonly used on sensitive areas of the skin (such as the area around the eyes).

Crystal microdermabrasion

This method uses a special hand that pours very fine crystals on the skin while moving and rubbing the skin. Similar to the diamond method, the crystals cause the dead cells to separate and the suction device collects the extracted cells.

This method uses different crystals, which are usually made of aluminum oxide or sodium bicarbonate.


Hydrodermabrasion is a new method that does not use crystals. In this method, we use the simultaneous skin effusion technique. That is, at the same time, we remove the dead skin cells and introduce special and very useful therapeutic substances into the skin. Hydrodermabrasion stimulates collagen production and increases blood flow to the skin. This means that the skin heals faster and the rejuvenating effects are maximized.

Applications and benefits of microdermabrasion

The purpose of microdermabrasion is to achieve young, soft, radiant and even skin. Microdermabrasion patients usually go to Dr. Pakdel Clinic to solve the following problems:

• Superficial and fine wrinkles

Loose skin

• Inconsistency in skin color

Disorders in skin texture

Brown spots and lesions caused by aging

• Dark spots that remain after acne treatment

• Scar or scar

• Melasma

Medical guide for microdermabrasion applicants

Pre-treatment recommendations

The first step before treatment is to consult with the doctors of Dr. Pakdel Clinic. You can contact our experts by phone or on the collection site and make an appointment for specialized consultation with our doctors. The following will be explained to you at the consultation:

Predicting microdermabrasion results

• Number of treatment sessions required

• Possible side effects

• Risk factors


In addition, your doctor will carefully examine your skin to make sure that microdermabrasion is a good choice for you. You will also be shown before and after pictures of those who have had microdermabrasion at Dr. Pakdel Clinic.

Pre-treatment care

Because it is so invasive and safe, it does not require rigorous pre-treatment care. Your doctor may advise you not to sunbathe, not to go to the solarium, and not to use sunscreen for at least a week before treatment. Also, do not use exfoliating creams and masks for up to three days before the treatment session.

Post-treatment recommendations

Care and recovery

Recovery after microdermabrasion is very fast and you can get back to your daily routine almost immediately.

It is very important to keep moisturized and use the right creams. You should not use solutions, creams and other topical acne medications for at least one day. The use of sunscreen is extremely important. For a few weeks after treatment, your skin is very sensitive to the sun’s harmful rays.

Treatment results

Most clients need several sessions of treatment to achieve the desired results. Specifically for skin rejuvenation, we usually get the desired results after 5 to 16 treatment sessions. Of course, after each session, good changes occur in the skin that you can see and enjoy in the mirror. After the treatment period, you will admire your radiant, younger and softer skin

Interval of meetings

As we have said, microdermabrasion sessions are held weekly, once a week or monthly. Because this method treats only the superficial layer of the skin, the skin heals quickly. For many clients, this process takes a week. In some cases, complete healing of the skin takes 2-3 weeks, in which case the sessions should be done once a fortnight or monthly.

Durability of results

Unfortunately, none of the skin rejuvenation methods are permanent. This is because in all treatments, the aging process of the skin does not stop; It only improves the appearance of the skin. Of course, the results of some rejuvenation methods, such as fat injections, can last for several years.

Microdermabrasion results are temporary and usually last between 3 and 6 months. The more you take care of your skin, the more lasting the results will be. You will also need to have repair sessions every 3 to 6 months. Moisturizing, keeping the skin clean and also using sunscreen increase the durability of microdermabrasion results

The cost of microdermabrasion treatment

The average cost of each session in Dr. Pakdel Clinic ?? Is Tomans. The cost of different microdermabrasion techniques usually varies. The exact cost will be announced at the consultation. You can also follow the clinic’s Instagram page for information on discounts and festivals.

Complications of microdermabrasion

People taking isotretinoin to treat pimples and acne should stop taking the drug for 6 to 12 months (depending on the doctor). These drugs greatly increase the risk of side effects (such as ulcers). You should also know that this method is not effective for treating deep pimples.

Be sure to tell your doctor if you notice spots or lesions on your skin that are growing, bleeding, or have changed in any other way. These symptoms can be a sign of skin diseases or cancer, in which case microdermabrasion should not be performed.

You may experience the following side effects for a few days after the treatment session:

• Swelling of the skin

Redness of the skin similar to sunburn

• Bruising

• Burning or tingling sensation in the skin

• Increased sensitivity to the sun

All of the above complications are temporary and disappear within a few days. Microdermabrasion can have even more serious side effects; Like a skin wound. These complications are usually due to a medical error in choosing the right candidate or performing the treatment process. If you have a history of flesh sores or poor skin healing, you may not be a good candidate. Also, if you have a history of herpes, the virus may be activated and you may get herpes after a treatment session.

Microdermabrasion at home and hairdressing

Microdermabrasion is performed both by doctors and dermatologists and by people such as hairdressers and dermatologists. You can even do this treatment yourself using home kits. However, there is a large gap between the effectiveness of clinical and non-clinical methods.

Microdermabrasion may not be a good rejuvenating method for your skin at all or a good solution to your skin problems. In the first case, the possibility of side effects increases greatly, and in the second case, your treatment is useless and you suffer financial loss. For this reason, we recommend that if you want to do this at home or at the hairdresser, be sure to consult a dermatologist before proceeding. Also, ask your doctor about the side effects of home and hairdressing methods and ways to treat them


Microdermabrasion is a simpler treatment, but should still be performed by experienced professionals and carefully follow the pre- and post-treatment care instructions. Otherwise, we may experience side effects such as skin irritation, infection and dark spots. These complications are more common in the case of home and hairdressing microdermabrasion.

Contraindications to treatment

Certain diseases or conditions can increase the risk of side effects. If you suffer from the following problems, you may not be a good candidate for microdermabrasion or microneedling:

• Open wound

• Herpes

• Skin infection

• Active acne

• Warts

• Eczema

• Psoriasis

• Vascular problems


• Uncontrolled diabetes

skin color

Microdermabrasion and microneedling are suitable for all people with different skin colors. Laser and microneedling are sometimes used simultaneously to enhance collagen production. This combination treatment is not suitable for people with dark skin; Because it can cause skin blemishes.


Microdermabrasion and microneedling are not recommended during pregnancy and lactation. Because hormonal changes can affect your skin. Problems such as acne, melasma and blemishes that develop during pregnancy may not be permanent. In addition, the skin becomes more sensitive during pregnancy.

Who is recommended for microdermabrasion?

One of the most important advantages of this method is that it is suitable for all skin types. No matter how old you are and what color your skin is, you can definitely experience having smooth and clear skin again using this method.

Microdermabrasion is usually recommended for people who are struggling with one of the following skin problems:

• Fine lines and wrinkles

• Age spots and brown spots

• Large black pores

Pimples and acne

• Loss of skin elasticity

•Sagging skin

What is the use of microdermabrasion?

Eliminate skin blemishes

Skin blemishes are common to many people due to the sun and aging. These spots have increased over time with the use of various drugs, pregnancy, etc., and in some cases are clearly visible. Using microdermabrasion not only kills skin blemishes, but also helps to lighten the skin by taking vitamin C.

Eliminate open pores of the skin

Open pores are an easy way for any contaminated material to enter the skin, resulting in dull skin. This problem is seen in both women and men. But since women are usually more sensitive to their beauty, microdermabrasion is recommended for women over 27 years old. After microdermabrasion, the skin tissues are repaired and strengthened. As a result, over time, these pores become narrower and eventually close

Eliminate blackheads

Microdermabrasion is used not only for rejuvenation, but also for cleansing the skin. By eliminating this type of pimple, larger pimples can be prevented

What are the benefits of microdermabrasion?

• Microdermabrasion removes open pores and dead skin cells and is replaced by a new, softer layer of skin.

Due to skin irritation, the amount of collagen production increases and wrinkles decrease over time.

Uses and applications of microdermabrasion

Treatment of spots caused by aging, pregnancy or sun exposure

Sun-stained spots and blemishes on the skin with age are especially noticeable in people with fair skin. These spots can usually be removed or reduced with the right number of sessions. Also, the remaining spots during pregnancy can be removed or reduced with this method, especially if the appropriate medication is used at the same time. Recent studies on microdermabrasion show a 20-fold increase in the penetration of vitamin C after one treatment session. The results of this study show that even stains that have been resistant to staining drugs can be treated with this method.

Treatment of skin cracks or striae caused by obesity, thinness or pregnancy can also usually be reduced with this method.


The opening of skin pores and their appearance on people’s faces has a very negative effect on the beauty of each person, so that the problem of many women, especially those over 27 years old, is the appearance of these pores on the cheeks or nose. If microdermabrasion is used in areas where these pores are open, one can hope for the proper effect of this method.

After a few sessions of microdermabrasion, the pores become narrower with the onset of tissue formation and tightening of the skin, and by continuing treatment with the same or other methods recommended by the doctor, the pores gradually close or shrink so that they are no longer visible to the eye.

Tattoos, tattoos, blackheads, neck wrinkles

Another great application of microdermabrasion is the removal of tattoos and tattoos. Superficial tattoos on the skin and tattoo site can be removed with microdermabrasion. Also, if the tattoo site is discolored or deformed, the tattoo laser can be used in addition to this method so that the results of the treatment can be seen better.

Blackheads are also one of the cases that many people refer to to get rid of them. Blackheads can actually be treated with a skin cleansing method, which can be referred to as microdermabrasion as a very suitable method for cleansing the skin. This method can lighten and soften the affected areas by removing blackheads. Blackheads will also help reduce the appearance of bumps on the skin.

Wrinkles and freckles on the neck are unavoidable with age, which can be greatly reduced by microdermabrasion.

How to do microdermabrasion

Dermal microdermabrasion is a non-invasive procedure and pain reports are rarely received in the patient. First, the desired skin position should be free of any makeup and fat, and then according to the type of skin and its problems, which is determined by the doctor, the microdermabrasion is performed in several parts and in different directions. The average microdermabrasion time is usually 20 minutes to half an hour on the face and 20 minutes on the neck. Of course, the number of sessions is determined by the doctor according to the skin’s response.

After the site is washed and the appropriate cream is prescribed by a doctor (for example, double oxide or calamine) is rubbed into the area.

Apart from sunscreen, no special care is required after treatment, and this method is suitable for people who work because it can return to the workplace immediately after treatment. However, redness of the skin may cause discomfort to the patient, in addition to which there will be a slight burning sensation in the treated area.

Advantages of microdermabrasion over laser and other methods

Unlike lasers, which are usually done in winter or fall, microdermabrasion can be done in all seasons and is not prohibited.

There are no complications after the procedure and the slightest burning and redness may affect the patient.

Immediately after doing so, the person can return to work and perform their daily activities.

Some lasers do not work on dark skin, but microdermabrasion can be done on most skin types.

In most lasers. Inflammation, redness and irritation of the skin are very high and may be unbearable for many people, while the irritation and redness associated with microdermabrasion is much less and more tolerable than laser.

Microdermabrasion can be used in combination with other methods. Other materials can be used simultaneously or in combination with powder spray.

With microdermabrasion, the skin’s ability to absorb drugs is greatly increased and the effect of drugs is multiplied. This property can be used to treat skin blemishes with drugs to affect the effectiveness and duration of drug use and accelerate treatment. What are the disadvantages of cleansing the skin with microdermabrasion?

If we want to talk about the disadvantages and disadvantages of a beauty activity, the condition is that the service is performed by a professional and not inexperienced technicians, because most of the shortcomings that we experience after cosmetic surgery are the basis for mistakes and errors. He is the person who does that service. Note that the microdermabrasion device has obtained all the relevant certificates and licenses from competent organizations and authorities and has no side effects. However, any cosmetic procedure can have its drawbacks and side effects. Redness of the skin and pimples after microdermabrasion can be a side effect of this skin rejuvenation method. Of course, there is no need to worry. With more and better care of your skin, you can easily reduce these side effects to zero.

Microdermabrasion for acne

In almost all people, the rash gets better quickly and without any problems. But in some people, pimples and acne may remain as red or brown spots or dents or dimples. Microdermabrasion is a very suitable option for acne that can easily and completely eliminate these lesions in several sessions.

Source: Drpakdelclinic

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