Here’s all about the Symptoms, Causes, Types, and Treatment for Kidney Failure

ESRD or end-stage renal disease is the other name for kidney failure. It is the last step of chronic kidney disease which indicates the end of the functions of your kidneys. The kidney is a significant organ in your body that gets rid of the harmful waste from your body. Therefore, it is essential to have the best kidney treatment in Mumbai.

Symptoms of Kidney Failure


The Need to Urinate Frequently: The need to urinate frequently or otherwise known as pollakiuria is the most common symptom of kidney failure. 

Shortness of Breath: There are two ways that shortness of breath is related to kidney failure. One is accumulating extra fluid in the lungs. And, the other is anemia that leaves you short of breath. 

Cloudy Urine: Due to the failure of the kidneys, protein can reach your urine which makes it look cloudy. Thus, you’ll need kidney treatment in Mumbai.

Pain in the Lower-Back: Lower-back pain can indicate kidney infection, failure of kidney, or kidney stones

Vomiting and Nausea: A lot of waste is leftover in your blood when your kidneys work at a capacity of less than twenty per cent. That waste can make you nauseous.

Loss of Appetite: At the early to middle stages of kidney disease, compounds will build up and suppress hunger. Due to anxiety, depression, and medications, you can experience loss of appetite.  

High Blood Pressure: Due to kidney damage, there is excessive production of the hormone renin that stimulates the nervous system, which handles blood pressure. It also increases salt and water in your body that increases blood pressure.

Causes of Kidney Failure


There are different causes of kidney failure.

So, you will need immediate kidney treatment in Mumbai. 

High Blood Pressure: If you have chronic hypertension, it sometimes leads to advanced sclerosis of the vessels in the kidneys, which results in kidney failure. You’ll need kidney treatment in Mumbai, like dialysis or kidney transplant.


Excess sugar damages the blood vessels of the kidneys. So, they cannot perform their filter function properly. If diabetes isn’t stabilized, the filter function can be damaged and cause kidney failure. 


Numerous drugs can affect the kidneys negatively. To restrict drug-induced damage to the kidneys and their consequences, your doctor needs to identify, prevent and manage nephrotoxicity of those drugs.

Reflux Nephropathy

When your urine passes backward from the bladder through your ureter to a kidney, that leaves scarring to your kidneys, causing chronic kidney disease and kidney failure.

Blockage in the Urinary Tract

The blockage in the urinary tract stops the urine flow on the usual path, including the urethra, bladder, kidneys, and ureters. It can lead to kidney damage, kidney infection, kidney stone, and ultimately to kidney failure.

Polycystic Kidney

It is a genetic disease where cysts on the kidney enlarge them and causes kidney failure.

 Kidney Infection

Pyelonephritis or kidney infection results from repeated bacterial infections of the upper portion of the urinary tract. Often the infection is with E. coli which has a poor impact on both kidneys.


Types of Kidney Failure:

There are two types of kidney failures, 

  • chronic kidney failure 
  • acute kidney failure 

The irreversible and progressive damage of the kidneys leads to chronic kidney failure. The diverse causes entail environmental, genetic, and degenerative factors. On the other hand, when your kidney stops working suddenly and the damage is reversible on one or both kidneys, it is referred to as acute kidney failure.

Treatment of Kidney Failure:


When both your kidneys stop working, then there is no cure, but many have lived a long and healthy life on kidney transplants or dialysis. Your doctor can assist you in deciding which kidney treatment in Mumbai is the way to go for you.

  • Dialysis

Dialysis reduces the waste products in your blood. But it cannot work as a healthy kidney does. Many experiences additional health issues due to continual dialysis.

  • Medical Management

If you do not want dialysis or a kidney transplant, you can go with medical management, which will treat the symptoms of kidney failure. It will not improve your condition as it is not a treatment for kidney failure.

  • Kidney Transplant

When you have a kidney from someone else’s body via surgery, that is called a kidney transplant. The transplant can happen from the live body of someone you know or anyone who is a deceased donor and you don’t know. In conclusion, you should eat healthily, drink lots of water, and lead a fulfilling lifestyle to prevent kidney failure. Even then, if you have kidney disease, then immediately look for kidney treatment in Mumbai. Look for a hospital that can provide all the amenities at a decent rate. Have a productive and lengthy discussion with your doctor to ensure you have all bases covered.

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